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THOMAS SEXTON. Photographs and Negatives; ca. 1900-1929. .5 cu. ft.

Thomas Sexton was born in 1940 in Lowell, Massachusetts. He obtained his Bachelor of Arts Degree at the State College at Salem, Massachusetts in 1968, and his Master of Fine Arts Degree at the University of Alaska, Fairbanks in 1970. In that year he began work as a Professor of English and Creative Writing at the University of Alaska, Anchorage. He was awarded sabbatical leave to do graduate study in Art History at the University of New Mexico, Albuquerque in 1976. Thomas Sexton has also served as the Director of the university Creative Writing Program (1980-1985) and as Chairman of the university English Department. Professor Sexton is also a photographer who collects antique photographs and he has written several articles on historic photography and photographers. His literary and professional works include articles and poetry published in numerous magazines, journals, and anthologies. He wrote a book of poetry entitled Terra Incognita in 1974. He is the editor of the Raven (1970-present), and poetry editor of Alaska Quarterly Review, (1981-present). His public service includes serving as director of the Alaska Poetry in Schools Program (1970-1976); as a member of Arts Alaska, Incorporated, Arts-In-Education Panel (1981-1982); and as a member of the selection committee to choose Alaska's Poet Laureate (1979).

The materials in this collection primarily relate to Professor Sexton's interest in photography. The collection is divided into two series. The first series contains over 170 black and white photographs and 7 negatives depicting Alaskan natives; native activities, schools, native -villages including King Island, White Mountain, Teller, Deering, and Point Hope; animals, scenery; and buildings. The photographs primarily date from the 1920's. The second series consists of 44 glass plate negatives, primarily undated, of various subjects, including: Alaskan towns such as Chitina, Juneau, Atlin, Cordova, and Nome; animals, natives Treadwell Mines in Juneau; scenery, and other subjects.

The collection was presented to the Archives by Thomas Sexton in 1986. Additional materials were added in 1987.


Folder list:

Series 1. Photographs.

1. Unidentified People (total 33 prints).
  1. Native family in front of a canvas tent.
  2. Native man in traditionally styled parka.
  3. Native woman in traditionally styled parka. Nowadlock, Nome, Alaska.
  4. Native child in traditionally styled parka.
  5. Native children in modern and traditionally styled garb.
  6. Native children.
  7. Native man in rugged traditionally styled parka, boots. (Dwelling in background).
  8.Two adults and a child. Native women and woman and child of indeterminable ethnicity. Traditionally styled modern dress.
  9.Group of approximately 18 native adults and children in variously styled garb. Dwellings also.
  10. Groups of primarily, as it appears, native people in various garb.
  11. Two native women; a dog and a dwelling. Women are in traditionally styled parkas.
  12. Native women and children near dwelling. Traditionally styled garb.
  13. Native man and two native women in traditionally styled parkas.
  14. Native in traditionally styled parka.
  15. Native women, dog, dwellings. Traditionally styled garb.
  16. Native and non-native group photograph. Traditionally styled and westernized garb.
  17. Native women and children around a boat. Various garb.
  18. Native men and child at entrance to building. Primarily westernized garb.
  19.Native youth and children in predominantly westernized garb. Dwelling in background.
  20. Group of native children saluting. Variously styled garb. Landscape in back.
  21. Native children working with blocks of ice.
  22. Large group of native children, and one adult. Variously styled garb.
  23. Large group of native people in front of a post office. Traditionally styled garb.
  24. Native man and women, and teepee/tent. 'Varied dress: native and western.
  25. "58" -- Woman in fur parka (traditionally styled) near modern street corner (1958?).
  26. Native woman and fish.
  27. Three native women and one child, in traditionally styled parkas.
  28. Large group of native boys and adults in westernized garments.
  29. Three native women in traditionally styled garb.
  30. Native and non-native men and women in front of whalebone structure.
  31. Native women in traditionally styled parkas.
  32. Overexposed photograph of adults in front of tents.
  33.Native boy and girl, dog, and baby caribou or reindeer in yard. Landscape behind buildings prominent. Boy is feeding  caribou or reindeer with a bottle.
  34. Three men in parkas in skis and snowshoes.

2. Identified People (total 11 prints).
  1. "Native Teachers" -- two adults; two children.
  2. "for the little girl" -- three native children.
  3. "Big Jim Eyek [sp] Family, 5/14/25."
  4. "Jennie Blatchford, (Dexter), and baby."
  5. "Joseph Kowchee and Buster McCollister, 2/24/25, taken by Peter Olson."
  6."Seal skin puffed out[?], 'Big Jim' Eguk's [sp] family. Also Mrs. Eduini [sp], David Nyskuk [sp]."
  7. "June Brown, Evelyn Simon, Carita Walker, Marcella Reuben."
  8. "? and school house." Man, dog sled, buildings.
  9. "'Pal' and two of her puppies, 1923 or 1924."
  10. "Joseph Kowchee," on snow shoes.
  11. "Agnes, Marsella, Ruth." Group of native girls.
  12. "Mary Reuben." Native girl in front of spruce trees.

3. White Mountain People.

A. Unidentified
  1. Group of young native girls.
  2. Group of native people. Traditional dress.
  3. Native children in school clothes.
  4. Group of natives on a porch. Traditional clothes.
  5. Group of native children in front of school.

B. Identified
  1. "Laddie, Lassie: White Mountain" -- dogs in yard.
  2. "White Mountain School Girls."
  3. "Isaac, Ivory carver, White Mountain."
  4."Fourth Grade wearing parkas -- Eskimo School -- White Mountain, Alaska. April, 1924."
  5. "Picnic at White Mountain, Alaska, 5/17/25." Landscape in back. Westernized dress.
  6."On top of White Mountain, first Sunday we were there: Mrs. McAllister, Muckluck, Miss French, nurse and dog Pat, Ernest, McAllister Boy and Pal, Lassie."
  7. "Laura and Carita Walker," in traditionally styled parkas.
  8. "Helen Egelik, wearing a beautiful parka."
  9. "Muck Chuck, the lame woman, Peter Kowchee's sister."
  10. "Ruth Kowchee," in traditionally styled parka.
  11. "School Children on the ice in Fish River, White Mountain."
  12."School children of White Mountain on the ice in Fish River, A.a.a." Different group than previous picture.
  13. No caption. School children on ice at Fish River.
  14. "Maggie Kowchee" in traditionally styled parka.
  15."Elizabeth Punmuk [sp], Edwin's wife, Maggie Kowchee, Mrs. Olson, Feb. 1922" in traditionally styled parkas.
  16. "Mayor Frederick of White Mountain, Alaska" in traditionally styled parka.
  17. "Esther Kowchee" in westernized garb.
  18. "Mary Reuben" in traditionally styled parka.
  19. "Esther Reuben" in westernized garb.
  20. "Rosa Walker" in a spruce tree.
  21."Marie Abaurtock [sp], Martha Walker, Esther Kowchee" in traditionally styled parkas.
  22. "Maggie, Mrs. Olson, Ernest, Elizabeth" in traditionally styled parkas.
  23. "Marcella [and] Ruth Kowche[e]" in traditionally styled parkas.
  24."school girls wearing the dresses made in their sewing classes, 1924, White Mountain, Aaa."
  25. "Some older pupils in White Mountain School, A.a.a."
  26."Esther Reuben, Rosa Walker, Elma, Mary Reuben, Irene Real [sp], Lucy Frederick" traditional dress.

4. Miscellaneous Structures (total 6 prints).
  1. Whalebone-framed structure, half completed.
  2. Two natives with two dogs in front of log house with snowshoes on roof.
  3. Man and tent.
  4. Boy in foreground, town in background.
  5. View from on the water of various buildings on shore.
  6. "Nome and Alice and mining wagon."

5. Muir Glacier (total 1 print).
  1. "Muir Glacier 1903 -- at break [?] into sea -- E. side."

6. Dog Teams (total 9 prints plus 1 duplicate).
  1. Three sleds and teams. Two men.
  2. Three sleds and teams. Two men.
  3. Dog team at rest on snow at foot of mountain.
  4. Dog team, sled, and musher on grass, in town.
  5. Dog. Sled variety.
  6. Dog team in home yard. View of village and terrain in background.
  7a.Dog team sled, people, buildings, terrain: "Mr. and Mrs. Cohn and I starting on my first dog team ride, C.S.M."
  7b. Duplicate.
  8. "Mr. and Mrs. Walker, Kanakanak Aaa [Alaska], 1929" and sled dog team and sled.
  9."March, 1922. The trip to Golorin [sp]. Taken on the Frozen Bay. Some way to travel on salt water isn't it?" Sled, dog team, and three people."

7. Miscellaneous Boats (total 10 prints).
  1. Woman in kayak.
  2. Sailboat.
  3. Sailboat.
  4. Sailboat.
  5. Sailboat.
  6a. Rowboat on rocky shore.
  6b. Duplicate.
  7. Rowboat.
  8. Boats and landscape: "Whaling Station, Akutan [sp]"
  9.Man in Kayak: "Ernest riding a Native Kayak -- Fiser [sp] River, White Mountain, Alaska, Sept. 1921."
  10. Men and canoes: "Canoemen."

8. Hospital and Nursing Scenes (total 4 prints).
  1a. Two natives in hospital beds.
  1b. Duplicate.
  2. Three native nursing students.
  3. Three native nursing students.

9. Andrews Photographs, Portraits (total 6 prints).
  1. "Mona Lisa" native woman in traditionally styled parka.
  2."Assiruk's [sp] daughter, King Island Eskimo, Andrews photo, 1927. Died of too much White Man's whiskey." Native woman in westernized styled parka.
  3."The 'ocowoman' [sp], King Island Eskimo, Andrews photo 1927." Native woman in western styled parka.
  4."Mrs. Beeson [sp] , Shaktolik Eskimo 1926, ChA [sp]." Native woman in traditionally styled parka.
  5."Rosa Walker, White Mountain Eskimo girl, Andrews Photo." Young native woman in traditionally styled parka.
  6. "Setting a seal net under ice, Shismaref, 1927. Andrews photo."

10. White Mountain Houses (total 4 prints).
  1. "Old 'Blind Man's' House I Think. White Mountain, A.a.a."
  2. "White Mountain, Alaska, 1924-25. Fred Walker's Dog-Teams."
  3. "White Mountain, Alaska." View from the ice in winter.
  4. "10/11/26, White Mountain." View from the river.

11. Walrus Hunt (total 7 prints).
  1. Men in boat at sea.
  2. Men around native boat on shore.
  3. Walrus on ice flows.
  4. Men in native boat at sea.
  5. Men slaughtering walrus.
  6. Walrus on ice flows.

12. Miscellaneous Native Villages.

A. Point Barrow
  1. "Mrs. E. L. Range [sp] at Pt. Barrow."
  2. "Pt. Barrow" native drummers and dancers.

B. King Island
  1. "King Island Home" exterior, photograph very dark.
  2. "King Island Village" cliff houses as seen from the water.
  3. "King Island" cliff houses.

C. Teller
  1. "Teller Mission."

D. Point Hope
  1. "Dancers, Point Hope" traditional dress.
  2. "Babies, Point Hope" traditional dress.
  3. "Point Hope" natives in traditional dress.

E. Deering
  1. "Deering, Alaska, 1925. S.A."

13. Reindeer (17 prints).
  1. Reindeer herd, tundra, and mountains.
  2. Reindeer in harness with two men. "Santa and his _____ reindeer, C.L.A."
  3. Tethered reindeer.
  4. Wolf and reindeer herd. "Herd of reindeer in the distance."
  5. Reindeer herd and landscape.
  6. Reindeer herd.
  7. Reindeer and spruce trees.
  8. Landscape, reindeer in background.
  9. Landscape, reindeer herd at night in distance.
  10. Herd of reindeer moving in long line.
  11. Herd of reindeer; mountains in background.
  12. Herd of reindeer and spruce, corral in background.
  13. Native men, reindeer, and reindeer corral.
  14. Reindeer, corral, spruce.
  15. Reindeer herd moving in long line.
  16. Reindeer and young.
  17. Reindeer in corral -- Rocky Point, August, '22."

14. Reindeer, White Mountain (total 15 prints).
  1. "Simon" native men and boy at reindeer corral.
  2."Joseph Kowchee, Big Ben, Simon, August, Fritzof Williams, Abraham Lincoln, Edward Delilah [sp]" men wrestling reindeer.
  3. "Reindeer" herd.
  4. "Reindeer herd and faun in foreground."
  5. "Reindeer in corral near White Mountain, A.a.a."
  6. "Alaska reindeer in corral."
  7. "Alaska reindeer near White Mountain, Alaska."
  8. "Alaska reindeer, near White Mountain, A.a.a. of
  9. "Alaska reindeer."
  10. "Alaska reindeer near White Mountain, Alaska."
  11. Reindeer herd.
  12. Men branding reindeer.
  13. Men branding reindeer
  14. Native men on reindeer corral.
  15. Men branding reindeer.

15. Vessel Arctic Chief (3 prints)
  1. Arctic Chief and Capt. [?].
  2. Same as above.
  3. Same as above.

16. Potlatch, 1906 (total 2 prints)
  1. "'Clam Bake' to which I went on the boat to the Trilalik Indian Reservation, 1906."
  2. "Another view of the 'Potlatch,' 1906. Both taken 'on the side.'"

17. Miscellaneous Photographs.
  1. Whale in water.
  2. Seagulls and breaking surf. Hand-colored.
  3."Tlinget Indians, Mrs. Agnes R. Fletcher: Chief Eagle Horse." Chief Eagle Horse in full dress standing and paddling canoe.
  4. Sea ice. Hand-colored.
  5. "An Eskimo Mother and Son" in the traditionally styled garb. (fragile).
  6. Flat, snowy landscape, trees in the distance.
  7. Winter landscape with trees. Mountains in the distance.

FOLDER 18 - Selected Negatives
  1. Negatives (B & W) from seven photographs.

FOLDER 19 - Glass Slide Contact Prints

Series 2. Glass Slides.

1. No identification on slide ("Tanana" on side of boat). Slide broken. ENVELOPE: "Steamer on Yukon".
2. Mount Blackburn, Alaska. 16,140 Feet High. c. 1911 by P. S. Hunt. ENVELOPE: Mount Blackburn.
3. Dock at Cordova Alaska. Covered with Copper Ore. Value $46 per sack. Thwaites 4088. ENVELOPE: Ore on Cordova Dock. Thwaites 14088.
4. Muir Glacier on Glacier Bay, Alaska. Photo by F. H. Nowell. ENVELOPE: Seal at Muir Glacier. Photog. Nowell.
5. 2216. Cordova, Alaska. H. A. Ives. 110. ENVELOPE: Cordova. Photog. H. A. Ives. 110.
6. Nenana River on gov. Railroad, Alaska. Slide broken. ENVELOPE: Nenana R. and Gov. R.R.
7. Juneau, Alaska. WPCo. Slide broken. ENVELOPE: Juneau.
8. The Midn... Slide broken. ENVELOPE: Midnight Sun, Yukon.
9. 4178. Hoonah Basket Weaver, Alaska. Slide broken. ENVELOPE: Hoonah Basket Weaver.
10. Steel Bridge, Scene on White Pass & Yukon Route. ENVELOPE: Steel Bridge W.P. & Y. Route.
11. "Princess Sophia" on Vanderbilt Reef. c. Winter-Pond Co., Juneau. ENVELOPE: Princess Sophia.
12.On the Copper River Road, Alaska, the C. R. & N. 192 Miles Long. Kennicott is the Inland. Cordova is the Ocean Terminus. ENVELOPE: Copper River R.R.
13. Captain Guest Hunting Party. C. Emswiler Guide. Seward, Alaska. ENVELOPE: Mountain Sheep.
14. No identification on slide (sled with dogs). ENVELOPE: Dog Team.
15. No identification on slide. ENVELOPE: Lake Atlin.
16. No identification on slide. ENVELOPE: Tutshi and Atlin.
17. No identification on slide. ENVELOPE: Lake Atlin.
18. 5607. Treadwell Mines, Alaska. Showing Juneau in Distance. C. WPCo. ENVELOPE: Treadwell Mines, Juneau. Winter & Pond, 5607.
19. 5614. Sitka & Mt. Edgecumbe. c. WPCo. ENVELOPE: Sitka & Mt. Edgecumbe.
20. No identification on slide. ENVELOPE: Moose.
21. An Eskimo Summer Kitchen. ENVELOPE: Eskimo Kitchen.
22. Princess Alice at Taku Glacier. WPCo. ENVELOPE: Winter & Pond. Princess Alice at Taku Glacier 120.
23. 5602. Salmon Leaping Falls. Ketchikan, Alaska. ENVELOPE: Salmon, Ketchikan.
24. No identification on slide. Slide broken. ENVELOPE: Hotel at Atlin.
25. Reindeer Herd, Alaska ENVELOPE: Eskimos and Reindeer.
26. No identification on picture. ENVELOPE: Interior [of Cabin].
27. 1410. Muir Glacier, Alaska. ENVELOPE: Muir Glacier.
28. Chitina, Alaska. ENVELOPE: Chitina.
29. Carcross, Yukon. ENVELOPE: Caribou Hotel, Carcross.
30. No identification on slide. ENVELOPE: Calico Bluff.
31.Thwaites. 1857. Childs Glacier, Alaska. 300 feet high, 3 miles along face 1/4 mile distant. ENVELOPE: Childs Glacier.
32. Scene on Gov. Railroad, Alaska. ENVELOPE: Scene on Gov. R.R.
33. A Submarine Volcano. Bering Sea, Alaska. ENVELOPE: Submarine Volcano.
34.Ptarmigan (pronounced Tom-i-gan) or Alaskan Grouse. In winter this bird is white, in summer brown. ENVELOPE: Ptarmigan.
35. Copper River, Alaska. Publ. by E. A. Hegg, Cordova, Alaska. ENVELOPE: Copper River. 36. 5616. Steel Bridge. Copper River, Alaska. Showing Childs Glacier. ENVELOPE: Bridge, Copper River R.R.
37.Bear Hole. Abercrombie Canyon, Copper River, Alaska. No. 277. Publ. by E. A. Hegg. Cordova, Alaska. ENVELOPE: Abercrombie Rapids. Copper River.
38. 2009. Birdseye View of Nome, Alaska. ENVELOPE: Beach of Nome.
39. The Close of Day Looking Up the Yukon Vale, Y.T. 403,489.819. ENVELOPE: Yukon & Klondike near Dawson.
40. 4198. Kicksetti Totem and Sun House. Wrangell, Alaska. ENVELOPE: Totem Pole, Wrangell.
41. Waterfront, Juneau, Alaska. ENVELOPE: Waterfront, Juneau.
42. Happy Jack. Native of Sledge Island. King of Ivory Carvers. ENVELOPE: Eskimo Chief in Costume.
43.Six Little Arctic Natives. Nome, Alaska. c. 1904 by F. H. Nowell. Watt & Bryant, Publ. ENVELOPE: Eskimo Children.
44. Chitina Bridge. Copper River, Alaska. ENVELOPE: Bridge at Chitina.