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GLENN H. BOWERSOX. Photographs and Papers; 1931-1939, 1941, 1954, 1990, 2004, 2005. .4 cu. ft.

Glenn H. Bowersox was born in Wenatchee, Washington in 1912. He graduated from the University of Washington with a bachelor's degree in transportation in 1937. Between 1931 and 1939, Bowersox served as the radio operator and purser aboard the USMS Boxer and the USMS North Star, operated by the Seattle office of the Division of Territories and Possessions, U.S. Department of the Interior. This office bought and shipped supplies to government agencies in Alaska, including the Alaska Railroad, the Alaska Native Service, the Alaska Road Commission, and the Alaska Rural Rehabilitation Corporation (Matanuska Colony). After leaving his post on the North Star in 1939, Bowersox married his fiancé Goldia, and after a brief attempt at wholesaling Alaskan handicraft goods, returned to Seattle to work for the Division of Territories and Possessions. He continued to work for the federal government until his retirement in 1973, at which time he was the Regional Director of the Transportation and Public Utilities Service, General Services Administration. Glenn Bowersox lives in Spokane, Washington.

The collection consists of the photographs and papers of Glenn H. Bowersox relating to his service on the motor ships Boxer and North Star in the 1930s. The collection contains: 158 black and white and two color photographs; 142 black and white copy negatives; an introduction and photo caption from his album entltled, "Alaska Eskimos in the 1930s"; Boxersox's journal article on his experiences while an officer on the U.S. Government ships; a radio log book; and other various original documents and newspaper clippings. Subjects of the photographs include: Glenn Bowersox and fellow officers and crew of the Boxer and North Star, the ships' passengers and visitors, coastal Alaska Native peoples, villages and towns, the trading schooner C.S. Holmes, and a large snowmobile used on Admiral Richard E. Byrd's Antarctic Expedition of 1939 to 1941. Locations depicted in the photographs include: Kivalina (reindeer herd), Point Lay, Point Barrow, Haines, Anchorage, Tununak, Hooper Bay, King Island, Kotzebue, Akutan Whaling Station, Saint Michael, Mekoryuk, Sitka, Ugashik Bay, and Nome. The papers include: Bowersox's article in The Sea Chest: Journal of the Puget Sound Maritime History Association, entitled, "Alaska Memories: My Experiences Aboard North Star and Boxer in the 1930s" (Sep. 2004); Bowersox's radio logbook from his voyage on the Boxer in 1935 (Including typed excerpts); two telegrams from the 1931 voyage of the Boxer; a North Star farewell dinner menu dated December 9, 1933; an illustrated envelope commemorating the 1938 cruise to establish a historical marker at Point Barrow for Wiley Post and Will Rogers; a North Star crew list for its voyage of June to August 1939; a certificate of membership in the Weird Order of Oosuk Wielders from St. Lawrence Island (1941); seven newspaper clippings, most including photographs, concerning the ships Boxer, North Star, and C.S. Holmes (1933, 1935, 1936, 1938, 1954); eight Alaska Steamship Company menus illustrated with pastels by artist Josephine Crumrine (1941); and a copy of the publication, One Hundred Pictures of Little Known Alaska, by Father Bernard S. Hubbard (1935).

The collection was presented to the archives by Glenn Bowersox in 2004 and 2005. A deed of gift was signed by Glenn Bowersox in 2005.

JAS (8/2005)

Photograph List:

Small Contact Prints:

1. "Salenjus & Bowersox on Boxer 1931" (2.25 X 3.25 inch).
2. "Walrus being loaded aboard Boxer 1931" (2.25 X 3 inch).
3. "Mekoryuk, Nunivak Island" Women and children (2 X 2.75 inch).
4. "Boxer against ice pack 1931" Man in fur parka standing on ice next to bow of ship (2 X 2.75 inch).
5. "Capt. Whitlam" Captain in uniform smoking pipe (1.75 X 1.75 inch).

Photo Lot No. 180 (Standard size prints, 2.75 X 4.5 inch):

6. "North Star officers (Bowersox third from left)" Nine officers in uniform at ship's rail.
7. "North Star crew" Group photo of eleven men on ship's deck.
8. "North Star galley crew" Group photo of six men in work clothes.
9. "Native girls on North Star – Going to Wrangell Institute, an Alaska Native Service advanced school" Group photo of eight girls.
10. "Alaska Native Service official, probably Mr. Hawkesworth" Man in suit and vest on ship's deck.
11. "North Star scow and launch" Men unloading supplies from scow to launch boats next to ship.
12. "Fur trader Ollie Morris' boat 'Yabut'" Shallow draft boat.
13 & 14. "At Hydaburg" Close-up of gulls on ship.
15. "Ship's launch with lifeboat filled with fresh water taken from creek near Teller."
16 & 17. "Reindeer corralled at Kivalina" Large reindeer herd.
18 & 19. "Butchering reindeer at Kivalina for shipment on North Star."
20. "Reindeer carcasses, Kivalina" Carcasses hung on log racks and wrapped in cloth.
21. "'Abandoned,' Pt. Lay" Barabaras at Point Lay, one with frame exposed.
22. "Pt. Lay" Dog lot with dogs tied to stakes at Point Lay.
23. "Pt. Barrow. One of two polar bear cubs Backland was going to bring to Seattle Woodland Park Zoo, 1931" Bowersox petting bear cub at Point Barrow.
24. "Glenn Bowersox (Sparks of North Star) with polar bear cub at Pt. Barrow." Bowersox standing petting bear cub.
25. "Polar bear cub at Pt. Barrow."
26. "Lumber discharged at Pt. Barrow." Lumber on beach with ship anchored off shore in distance.
27. "Pt. Barrow" Women and children in parkas walking on beach.
28. "Manse at Pt. Barrow." Large wood frame house with barabara at right in foreground.

Photo Lot No. C13 (Standard size prints, 2.75 X 4.5 inch):

29. "Captain Whitlam, Chief Engineer Herman Sanwick & 1st Mate Isaac Lystad with passengers (teachers and families) on North Star."
30. "North Star nurse Miss Sheridan" Group photo of nurse with two native men in parkas.
31. "2nd Mate Isaac Lystad" Officer with native women and children on ship's deck.
32. "Mrs. Wiley Post on North Star 3 weeks enroute to Pt. Barrow to dedicate Post-Rogers Memorial." Mrs. Post in fur coat and beret on beach.
33. "Mrs. Wiley Post & teachers" Mrs. Post and two teachers on beach.
34. "Father LaFortune" Priest wearing sweater.
35. "North Star launch" Launch boat next to ship with woman coming down ladder.
36. "Towing a barge load of cargo from North Star to shore" View from launch boat of barge and ship in background.
37. "Haines Army barracks" Barracks and grounds at Fort Seward in Haines.
38. "Minnesota farmers sent by government to relocate in Matanuska Valley, 1935" Families and sailor on top deck of ship.
39. "Matanuska settlers enroute to Alaska on North Star, 1934" Men and equipment on ship's deck.
40. "Alaska Railroad enroute Seward to Matanuska in 1937" View of tracks and trestle on Kenai Peninsula.
41. "ARR Depot, Anchorage" Matanuska Colony families and others at Alaska Railroad Depot in Anchorage.
42. "Alaska Railroad near Matanuska" Passengers taking break outside passenger cars.
43. "Tununak, Nelson Island" View of barabara in foreground and church in background.
44. "Hooper Bay Eskimo boats waiting to load cargo" Fishing boats at side of ship.
45. "Capt. Whitlam handing out gum and candy at Hooper Bay" Native women and children in foreground.
46. "Unloading cargo at King Island" Islanders and supplies amid the rocks.
47. "King Island" View of houses on stilts from boat.
48. "King Island" Close-up view of house on stilts with hilltop in background.
49. "Statue of Christ on top of King Island" Statue with rock base.
50. "Bowersox on top of King Island" Bowersox amid rock formations.
51. "Kotzebue" Captain Whitlam, three men and woman next to Ferguson Airways airplane on airstrip.
52. "Kotzebue" Ferguson Airways airplane tied down near airstrip.
53. "Old Graveyard at Pt. Lay. Fence is whalebones" Distant view of cemetery at Point Lay.
54. "Boxer moving through ice off Wainright" View of ice from ship's deck.

Photo Lot No. 114K (Standard size prints, 2.75 X 4.5 inch):

55. "Snowmobile taken aboard North Star from Boston to Antarctic on Byrd's 1939-40 Expedition" View of large snowmobile amid crowd at Boston.
56. "Using sextants to ascertain ship's position, North Star" Ship's officers using sextants on deck.
57. "Blue whale at Akutan Whaling Station" Whale laid out next to large station building.
58. "Mekoryuk, Nunivak Island" Native older men and boys sitting next to barabara.
59. "Mekoryuk, Nunivak Island" Native older man and woman and small child with barabara in background.
60. "Mekoryuk, Nunivak Island" Group photo of native family in parkas.
61. "Capt. Whitlam handing out gum and candy to children at Hooper Bay."
62. "Hooper Bay" Crowd of people in village with log house and fish drying racks in background.
63. "Tununak, Nelson Island" Village scene with barabaras and natives in foreground.
64. "Kayak under construction, Hooper Bay" Kayak frame on log rack.
65. "Dogs and racks of dried salmon, Hooper Bay."
66. "Kotzebue" Street scene along line of wood frame houses with native family in foreground.
67. "Pt. Barrow" Group photo of six native women in parkas sitting on pile of lumber at Point Barrow.
68. "Pt. Barrow longshorewomen at rest" Group photo of eight native women in parkas sitting on pile of lumber.
69. "'Longshorewomen' transporting lumber from beach to village, Pt. Barrow."

Photo Lot No. 581 (Standard size prints, 2.75 X 4.5 inch):

70. "7 of the North Star Officers (Bowersox second from right)" Group photo in uniform on ship's deck, left to right: Sundt, Greenfield, Whitlam, Sanwick, Lystad, Bowersox, and Salenjus.
71. "North Star officers and passengers. Mildred Keaton, well known gov't nurse in back with pipe and hat" Group photo of men and women at costume party.
72. "North Star Officers having fun. Bowersox seated in front with white dress. Passengers also crossed dressed."
73. "M.S. North Star" Full starboard side view of ship with masts.
74. "Bowersox and whale harpoon at Akutan Whaling Station."
75. "Remnants of river boats used in transporting miners down Yukon River to St. Michael." Two riverboat steamers at St. Michael.
76. "One of ships which carried miners down the Yukon River to St. Michael" Paddlewheel steamboat at dock in St. Michael.
77. "Getting fresh water from creek near Teller" Distant view of men at mouth of creek.
78. "Filling North Star fresh water tanks using life boat to bring water from creek near Teller" Launch and lifeboat next to ship.
79. "North Star pulling schooner C.S. Holmes through shore ice at Wainright." Full starboard view of four-masted schooner in ice from ship.
80. "Johnny Backland's schooner C.S. Holmes" Full portside view of ship with sails set.
81. "Unloading cargo from North Star scow at Pt. Barrow." View from beach with natives and cargo in foreground and ship at anchor in background.
82. "Unloading on beach at Point Barrow" View of beach, supplies and village from boat.

Photo Lot No. 696F (Standard size prints, 2.75 X 4.5 inch):

83. "Visitors coming aboard North Star" Twenty natives in skin boat visit ship.
84. "On North Star" Two dogs chained on ship's deck.
85. "Mekoryuk, Nunivak Island" Four older native men seated on supplies.
86. "Hooper Bay natives visiting North Star" Twenty-five kayaks off side of ship.
87. "Hooper Bay" Village scenes with native women and children and dogs.
88. "Mr. Lincoln, Savoonga, St. Lawrence Island" Native man in parka, boots, and cap on deck of ship.
89. "Pt. Hope" Point Hope village scenes of native women and children and barabaras.

Photo Lot No. 174 (Standard size prints, 2.75 X 4.5 inch):

90. "Passengers on North Star, Gov't teachers and families" Group photo on ship's deck.
91. "North Star seaman Reuben Jacobson on right, later became captain of Alaska State Ferries" Two men in work clothes at ship's rail.
92 & 93 "Kayaks at Hooper Bay" View of eight men in kayaks from ship.

Photo Lot No. 68 (Standard size prints, 2.75 X 4.5 inch):

94. "North Star Crew" Group photo on ship's deck.
95. "Dinner is served. Destitute farmers from Minnesota sent by Gov't. to relocated in the undeveloped Matanuska Valley, 1934" Men being served at chow line on ship's deck.

Photo Lot No. 79 (Standard size prints, 2.75 X 4.5 inch):

96. "Bowersox standing by the snowmobile loaded on North Star at Boston (flagship on Byrd's 1939 Antarctic Expedition). Former USCGC Bear was only other ship on this expedition" Wheels of snowmobile approximately 10 feet in diameter.
97. "Snowmobile on North Star in Boston, 1939" Vehicle on deck of ship.

Photo Lot No. A82 (3 X 4.75 inch):

98. "Father Hubbard at King Island (He stayed here all winter)" Father Bernard R. Hubbard at left with two colleagues in parkas on ship's deck.
99. "Father Hubbard at King Island" Father Hubbard and native at ship's rail.

Photo Lot No. 624N (Standard size prints, 2.75 X 4.75 inch):

100. "Sunrise from bridge, U.S.M.S. North Star nearing Ketchikan, Jan. 10, 1938" View toward ship's bow.
101. "North Star officers, Christmas Day 1937. Metlakatla, Alaska" Group photo of nine officers in uniform at ship's rail, Bowersox third from left.

Photo Lot No. 583 (Standard sizeprints, 2.75 X 4.75 inch):

102. "Eskimo girls being taken from northern points to Wrangell Institute" Large group of native girls at rail of the North Star.
103. "Loading railroad ties in Seattle to take to Alaska Railroad [at] Seward."

Various Standard Size Prints (2.75 X 4.75 inch):

104. "Radio Equipment on North Star" Close-up view.
105. "Boxer in drydock in Seattle, 1930."
106. "Bowersox, Radio Op. in back, Emil Holland, 2nd Asst. Eng., Joe Bush, 1st Mate" Three officers on ship's deck.
107. "Some of the 19 sled dogs carried from Bethel to the Antarctic, 1939" Six dogs tied up on ship's deck.
108. "Eskimo boats coming out to North Star to load cargo" Five Bristol Bay sailed fishing boats.
109. "Native boats filled with cargo being towed ashore by North Star's launch" Line of boats, some with masts.
110. "Mt. Edgecumbe near Sitka" View from rocky beach.
111. "Sitka" Two men between totem poles at entrance to Lover's lane.
112 & 113. "Sitka" Views of totems along Lover's Lane.
114. "North Star near Hoonah in 1935. Matanuska settlers lived on deck and between decks" View of covered foredeck at bow from above.
115. "Blue whale at Akutan Whaling Station" Whale dismembered into two parts.
116. "Akutan Whaling Station" Men dismembering whale.
117. "Whaling ship at Akutan" Harpoon gun at bow of ship.
118. "Summer quarter, Mekoryuk" Native family in front of tent.
119. "Mekoryuk" Older native man and woman and small child (same as Photo No. 59).
120. "Mekoryuk" Native woman with small girl and baby at campsite.
121. "Mekoryuk" Dogs chained to stakes.
122. "Hooper Bay" Native family inside and in front of tent at campsite.
123. "Hooper Bay" Fish drying racks at fish camp.
124. "Hooper Bay" Native man carving bow for skinboat frame.
125. "Hooper Bay" Two natives in kayak near launch boat.
126. "King Island" View of steep hillside from hilltop on island.
127. "Pt. Lay" Dogs sitting on top of old barabara.
128. "Boxer" Group photo of officers and crew on deck of the Motor Ship Boxer.
129. "Glenn Bowersox and skate caught near Dutch Harbor" Large ray hanging from mast.
130. "Boxer" View of M.S. Boxer's deck from above.

Photo Lot No. 18 (3.5 X 4.5 inch prints):

131. "Natives handling cargo off North Star at Point Barrow" View on beach.
132. "1st Mate Joe Bush & Glenn Bowersox, Radio Operator on Boxer at Pt. Barrow in 1931 getting water which will be used for Christening North Star in 1932" Officers at ship's rail with bucket.
133. "Bowersox on Arctic Ice Pack, 1931."
134. "Arctic Ice Pack" Three officers on ice pack with ship in background.
135. "Natives pulling polar bear over ice pack to M.S. Boxer, 1931."

Photo Lot No. 13 (3.5 X 4.5 inch prints):

136. "Boxer high & dry near Ugashik Bay in 1935. The sand spit we were on was the only visible land for 10 miles around" Full portside view of ship aground.
137. "Boxer aground at False Ugashik Bay, 1931" View of front of ship.
138. "Beach scene, Hooper Bay" Men unloading boat with fish drying racks in distance.

Photo Lot No. 21 (3.5 X 4.5 inch prints):

139. "Boxer taking fresh water from ice pack about 25 miles offshore from Wainright, 1931" Front view of ship from ice pack.
140. "Boxer at ice pack 25 miles off Wainright, 1931" Front starboard view of ship from ice pack.
141. "Boxer against ice pack about 25 miles off Wainright in 1931. Note hose over bow getting fresh water" Men on ice pack with portside view of ship in background.
142. "Boxer at ice pack 25 miles off Wainright, 1931" Full starboard view of ship from ice pack.

Other Prints (3.5 X 4.5 inch):

143. "King Island" Distant view of houses from boat.
144. "King Island" View of houses on stilts from hillside.
145. "Bowersox with polar bear shot by natives on ice pack about 25 miles off Wainright, 1931" Bear being hoisted by rope onto ship.
146. "Dead polar bear being loaded aboard Boxer, 1931."
147. "Picture taken from Boxer. Natives got 4 walrus in hunt off Wainright, 1931" Native men in parkas skin boat and dead walrus on ice pack.
148. "Boxer in ice pack 30 miles off Wainright, 1931." Distant view of ship from ice pack.
149. "Boxer & Arctic Ice Pack, 1931" View toward bow from above.
150. "Hooper Bay" Crowd of natives at shoreline.
151. "Bowersox on Boxer on winter's day in Bering Straits, 1931" Snow on deck of ship.
152. "Snow on Boxer in Bering Straits, 1931" Boxersox on deck of ship.
153. "Boxer, 1931" Full starboard rear view of ship.
154. "Nome 1937 after the fire of 1935" Main Street scene.
155. Unidentified two masted motor ship, front portside view.

Various Size Prints:

156. "Chenega, Prince William Sound" View of village from bay (3.25 X 4.25 inch print).
157. "North Star officers at dining table"; Photo by Walt Geisman (3.25 X 5 inch print).
158. "Mekoryuk, Nunivak Island" Natives near entrance to barabara.

Color Prints (3.5 X 5 inch):

159. "Ivory model of North Star in Alaska State Museum – about 1990" Model and photograph of ship in window case, taken with museum lighting.
160. "Model of USMS North Star – made of walrus ivory – Juneau Museum, 1990" Same model in case, illuminated by flash.