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NEWS BLOG

Study Finds Lower Cancer Rates Among Indigenous Sami

May 22nd, 2015 by cgarrett

According to a doctoral dissertation to be published by the University of Helsinki, the indigenous Sámi people of Northern Finland generally have lower cancer rates than the rest of the country’s population. The study by researcher Leena Soininen, to be presented next week, finds that the disease mortality among the Northern and Inari Sámi was statistically significantly lower than among other Finns. However, that of the Skolt Sámi subpopulation was higher than that of the general population, apparently linked to high rates of stomach cancer. Alaska Dispatch News

More Young Greenlanders Committing Suicide

May 14th, 2015 by cgarrett

Suicide has long plagued Greenland’s young people, but new research shows that the number of people under the age of 24 dying by their own hands has steadily increased since the 1970s, when suicide first became a major public-health problem. Since then, young people aged 20-24 have made up the largest group of those committing suicide. In the 1970s, they made up 7% of suicide victims. Today, they account for more than half, according to a paper published in the International Journal of Circumpolar Health. The paper also found that as the average age of suicide victims has declined, the number of pre-teens committing suicide has shot up. Among children born between 1980 and 1989, 17 killed themselves between the ages of 10 and 14. For the generation born between 1950 and 1959, just a single suicide committed by a person in that age group was recorded. Arctic Journal

Fulbright Puts Focus on Arctic Research

May 1st, 2015 by cgarrett

What do a sociologist from Russia, a biologist from Sweden and artist from the US all have in common? They are all a part of a group of 17 leaders in their fields who, over the next year and a half, will be expected to help demystify the Arctic. The group, all citizens of Arctic countries, was selected last week as the inaugural participants in the Fulbright Arctic Initiative. Their participation will see them conducting research related to energy, water, health and infrastructure, in order to benefit the development of the region. Arctic Journal 

Research: A New Danish Website Will Seek to Make Research Easier By Allowing Scholars to Tap Into Existing Information About the Region

April 10th, 2015 by cgarrett

Danish officials have launched a new website aimed at improving co-operation between Arctic researchers in Denmark, Greenland and the Faroe Islands in order to facilitate improved research into the changes facing the region. The website, Isaaffik, meaning ‘gateway’ in Greenlandic, will be maintained by the Arctic Research Centre at Aarhus University and is intended to to make it easier for those involved in the field to share information about research, education, consultancy and logistics. Arctic Journal

Scientists Predict Gradual, Prolonged Permafrost Greenhouse Gas Emissions

April 10th, 2015 by cgarrett

A new scientific synthesis suggests a gradual, prolonged release of greenhouse gases from permafrost soils in Arctic and sub-Arctic regions, which may afford society more time to adapt to environmental changes, say scientists in a paper published in Nature today. “Twenty years ago there was very little research about the possible rate of permafrost carbon release,” said co-author A. David McGuire, a senior scientist with the U.S. Geological Survey’s Alaska Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit and a climate modeling expert with the Institute of Arctic Biology at the University of Alaska Fairbanks. “In 2011, we assembled an international team of scientists into the Permafrost Carbon Network to synthesize existing research and answer the questions of how much permafrost carbon is out there, how vulnerable to decomposition it is once it’s thawed, and what are the forms in which it’s released into the atmosphere.” US Geological Survey

Arctic Council Delegates Ponder What Works Best in Mental Health

April 1st, 2015 by cgarrett

Though suicide prevention and mental health are areas of life that only national and sub-national governments can do anything about, Arctic Council delegates from around the circumpolar world put a lot of energy last week into talking about it, especially what works and what doesn’t. The two-and-a-half-day gathering at the Iqaluit Cadet Hall, which covered one of Canada’s priorities for its chairmanship of the Arctic Council, was organized under the Arctic Council’s sustainable development working group. Nunatsiaq Online

Could Maine Become the Nation’s Second “Arctic” State?

April 1st, 2015 by cgarrett

Alaska, which contains within its boundaries the only U.S. territory north of — or even anywhere near — the Arctic Circle, has long been the nation’s Arctic state. But is there room at the table for a second “Arctic” state? If there is, Maine is increasingly vying for that spot, writes the Portland Press-Herald (in a piece written by former Anchorage Daily News reporter Tom Bell). Alaska Dispatch News

Conference brings together doctors from Inuit regions

March 26th, 2015 by cgarrett

More than 80 doctors and other health officials from Nunavut, Nunavik and beyond met Iqaluit for the Challenges in Infectious Diseases conference the weekend of March 21st. Organizers hope to develop closer ties between the two regions.  Dr. Gabriel Fortin, president of the organizing committee, says resources are limited so collaboration is essential.   Workshops and discussions focused on illnesses such as tuberculosis, sexual transmitted infections and respiratory infections.

Report Warns More Arctic Shipping Will Increase Warming, Affect Health

February 10th, 2015 by cgarrett

A new report on air pollution from ships in the high Arctic warns of huge increases in air pollution from shipping. Although the report by the the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) is called “Air pollution from marine vessels in the U.S. High Arctic in 2025,” its findings are of concern to the entire Arctic region. The report estimates that because of Arctic ice melt, shipping could increase in the next 10 years anywhere from 150 percent to 600 percent. Alaska Dispatch News

Nunavik to Launch Second Edition of Major Health Survey

February 6th, 2015 by cgarrett

The second Qanuippitaa Inuit health survey is underway in Nunavik. Researchers and representatives from the region’s health and social services met in Kuujjuaq Jan. 27 and Jan. 28 to kick start the 2016 edition of the survey, which will provide updated baseline information on the health of Nunavimmiut. The survey is a follow up to the 2004 Qanuippitaa (How are we?) health survey, the most extensive health survey ever done in Nunavik. Nunatsiaq Online